Category Archives: World History

Neolithic Era or the Agricultural Revolution (the New Stone Age)

8000 – 2000 B.C.E. Until the last ice age ended around 11,500 years ago man had been a hunter-gatherer, hunting animals and gathering wild plants for food. There was no need to look beyond the savannahs, steppes and tundras, where … Continue reading

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Early Empires of Mesopotamia

2234 – 1000 B.C.E. Most of the world’s early great civilizations were located in river valleys. Rivers provided a regular supply of water, which is necessary for survival. Also important is the that the lowlands around rivers tend to be … Continue reading

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The Paleolithic Era

40,000 – 8000 B.C.E. The period known as the Upper Paleolithic or Late Stone Age, which dates from about 40,000  to 10,000 years ago, was a time of notable advances in human mental development and technology. More sophisticated tools and … Continue reading

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The Early Stone Age

2,000,000 – 40,000 B.C.E. The first hominids to be considered human beings appeared in Africa about two million years ago. These are commonly divided into three species: Homo habilis, Homo rudolfensis and Homo erectus. All three had larger brains and … Continue reading

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Classical Greece

Classical Greece (500 B.C.E) The fifth century B.C.E. witnessed a remarkable flowering of culture among the city-states of Greece, particularly Athens. For perhaps the first time in history, a social elite began to think deeply about the world around them, … Continue reading

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Sumer- The First Civilization

4300 – 2334 B.C.E Sumer – The World’s First Civilization The world’s first civilization arose in Sumer, which is the ancient name for southern Mesopotamia, during the Uruk period. In these fertile, low-lying marshes, the land had to be drained … Continue reading

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Fertile Crescent

Because of its rich resources of wild foods, the Fertile Crescent supported a relatively dense population of semi-nomadic hunter-gatherers during the last Ice Age. As the Ice Age came to an end approximately 10,000 years ago, the climate of the … Continue reading

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