Migration changes populations, cultures, and economic systems. Migrants are attracted to new areas by pull factors, such as jobs and better opportunities. They leave areas because of push factors, like war, changing economies, droughts, or poor living conditions.
Mexico has a long history of migration to the United States. The idea of going north for better opportunities is deeply rooted among Mexican youths, particularly in rural areas of west-central Mexico. In the 1870s, large numbers of Mexican migrants went north to work. In the early 1900s American landowners actively recruited Mexicans to work on farms in the United States. However, the Great Depression in the 1930s temporarily slowed migration. Later, an agreement between the U.S. and Mexican governments encouraged further migration of temporary farm workers from Mexico from 1942 to 1964. The Immigration Act of 1990 greatly increased the number of immigrants allowed to enter the United States. As a result immigration, both legal and illegal, increased…..
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